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    KIVIJ?RVI度假區/Niliaitta原型建筑

    芬蘭 / Studio Puisto Architects Ltd.

    KIVIJ?RVI度假區

    KIVIJ?RVI RESORT

    Kivij?rvi度假區位于芬蘭Salamaj?rvi國家公園附近的一個獨特的區域內,這片區域有著豐富多樣的自然生物,設計者制定了生態敏感的解決方案以滿足習慣于高質量質素條件的游客。為了凸顯該地區的自然之景,場地精神、自然體驗以及感官體驗和寧靜的氛圍都是整個設計過程的靈感來源。最重要的是,設計者需盡可能保持這里的自然光風光不受影響,在自然的基礎上打造建筑,是它們成為這片區域的補充。

    The site for Kivij?rvi Resort is located in a unique region of Finland near Salamaj?rvi National Park with both rich natural biodiversity and a need for ecologically sensitive solutions to support nature tourists accustomed to high-quality accommodation. In order to celebrate the nature in the area, aspects such as the spirit of the place, the experience of nature as is and the sensory experiences and silence of being in nature were all sources of inspiration that guided the overall design process. Above all, it was imperative that the rich nature was kept as untouched as possible and that any buildings would be grounded upon these very aspects of nature, making them complementary additions to the area.

     

    場地內部有著多種不同類型的棲息地和景觀,因此本項目無法在整個區域內僅涉及一種住宿的類型。因此,設計者提出了三種源于自然的解決方案——第一種是將建筑物扎根于地面,從外觀上來看像是從地面生長出來的一樣;第二種是使建筑物漂浮在水面上,感受湖水的氣息和湖面的光線反射;第三種則是Niliaitta的原型,建筑被高舉在空中,為人們提供了一個更為隱蔽的視角來與自然聯系。這種想法是通過將建筑體量設置在空中,營造一種立刻脫離地面事務煩擾的感覺。然而,無論建筑的位置在何處,設計者始終強調了大自然的野性與安全舒適的室內空間之間的對比,這種強烈的對比引導了整體的體驗。

    本項目計劃在未來建造約50個住宅單元,并在岸邊打造額外的桑拿浴室和會議中心建筑——這部分建筑將設置在水面上。湖中的一座小島還可以點燃篝火,整個Kivij?rvi度假區的建筑都朝向這里,小島不僅是度假區的物理幾何中心,也是一個精神定位點,為顧客提供一個可以專注的視覺重點。

    For the future, a total of approximately 50 new accommodation units are planned for the area with an additional sauna and conference center building designed for the shoreline – these structures will partially float above the water. On an island in the lake, there will also be a bonfire, which is where all buildings in the entire Kivij?rvi Resort area will be orientated towards. This not only acts as a central physical orientation point for the resort area, but also a mental one that allows us an opportunity to focus on just the essentials.

    NILIAITTA原型

    NILIAITTA PROTOTYPE

    Kivij?rvi度假區項目的下一個階段是從Niliaitta型住宿單元的詳細設計以及原型建造開始的?!皀iliaitta”一詞的另一含義是指位于Lapland的一種傳統的建筑類型,最初這只是一種永久性結構,其設計目的是在有熊和其它野生動物出沒的戶外提供安全儲存食物的地方。雖然Kivij?rvi與Lapland不同,但這里位于芬蘭中部的Suomenselk?地區,歷史上這里曾是Sámi人居住的地方。并且Suomenselk?的地勢較高,周邊環境有所不同,更加接近北部的自然風光,因此該地區被稱為“Lapland之指”。所以,設計者在Kivij?rvi建造源自Lapland的典型建筑是順理成章的。

    The next phase of the Kivij?rvi Resort project started with the more detailed design of a Niliaitta-type accommodation unit along with the construction of a prototype. Its namesake, niliaitta, refers to a traditional building type in Lapland, which is originally a permanent structure designed as a safe place to store food outdoors in habitats with bears and other wild animals. While Kivij?rvi is not in Lapland, it is located in the Suomenselk? region of central Finland, an area that has historically had Sámi settlement. Similarly, the terrain of Suomenselk? is higher with an entirely different environment closer to the nature of more northern regions, giving the area the name “Lapland’s finger.” Therefore, it was natural to develop a modern application of a building typical to Lapland at Kivij?rvi.

    Niliaitta原型內,顧客將獲得獨一無二的體驗。設計者在其中一面墻上安裝了整面的落地窗,因此從室內看向周圍自然景觀的實現能夠暢通無阻。從這扇擁有室外景色的窗戶主導了其余部分的設計,室內部分呈現為凸顯室外自然景觀的中性空白畫布那樣的效果。

    Inside the Niliaitta prototype, the experience is unique. Due to a ceiling height window the length of an entire wall, the visual connection to the surrounding nature is left as unobstructed as possible. The landscape that opens from this window intentionally dominates the rest, as the interior is done purposefully so that it would only serve as a neutral, blank canvas second to the nature outside.

    一根柱子抬升了整體的建筑結構,使其與下方的地面環境盡可能小的接觸,在項目建成后,建筑下方的地面已經被恢復到了原來的樣子。建筑所處的位置也同樣經過了精心的設計,因此在施工過程中需要砍掉幾棵樹,并設置僅有一條狹窄的道路能夠進入。雖然這個小屋是一種新的結構,但是設計者利用外部材料和顏色輔助其融入周圍的自然環境,讓人們感覺它遵循了樹木垂直的節奏并一直屬于這里。

    The overall structure is raised on a single pillar to maintain only minimal contact with the nature below, and after construction, the forest terrain below has been restored to its original appearance. Similarly, the cabin itself was strategically positioned so that only a few trees needed to be taken down during construction and only a narrow path grants access. While a new structure, the exterior materials and coloring help blend the cabin into the surrounding nature and make it feel as if it has always belonged amidst the vertical rhythm of forest trees around it.

    為了保持對該地區環境的敏感度,Niliaitta原型所使用的材料都是生態友好型的,內部所有表面均使用了木材,使用生態羊毛材質作為絕緣材料,并且所有結構都避免使用塑料制品。除了考慮環境效益之外,木材還能夠營造舒適的氛圍、健康的室內空氣和宜人的聲音效果。此外,室內聲音的柔和度也會受到墻壁上現代角指鑲板的影響。

    To remain environmentally sensitive, the materials of the Niliaitta prototype are all ecological with the use of wood in all interior surfaces, eco-wool as insulation, and the avoidance of plastic in the structures. In additional to the environmental benefits, wood also creates a cozy atmosphere, healthy indoor air, and pleasant acoustics. In addition, the softness of the acoustics is also influenced by the modern angular finger paneling on the walls.

    室內配置了與高檔酒店同一標準的設備。浴室、寬敞的淋浴間和小型廚房均設置在建筑中心的旋轉核心處,室內還配備了所有所需的技術設備(通風裝置、空氣源熱泵、熱水器和配電箱)。本項目的室內設計方案能夠保證內部的墻壁和天花板表面盡可能保持清潔,從而營造和諧整體的空間。此外水管、下水管道和電纜均通向位于封閉空間外部的樓梯下方,這種布置方式也創造了一個干凈的外觀。

    Throughout, the quality of equipment in the cabin corresponds with that of a high- standard hotel room. The bathroom, a spacious shower and a kitchenette are all housed in a rotating core in the middle of the cabin that also houses all tech (ventilation unit, air source heat pump, water heater, and electrical switchboard). The solution makes it possible to keep the other walls and ceiling surfaces of the cabin as clean as possible, which creates a harmonious overall interior. In addition, the water, sewer pipes and electrical cables all run to the Niliaitta prototype under the external staircase in an enclosure, similarly creating a clean exterior as well.

    Project:Kivij?rvi Resort / Niliaitta prototype

    Address:

    Gross area:Tourism area 2500 gross m2, Niliaitta prototype 36 gross m2 / 30 interior m2 Client:

    Municipality of Kivij?rvi

    Architects: Studio Puisto Architects Ltd.

    Partners:

    Mikko Jakonen, Emma Johansson, Sampsa Palva, Heikki Riitahuhta, Willem van Bolderen

    Team members: Heikki Muntola, Guillaume Keidel, Maiju Koskela

    Start of design: Kivij?rvi Resort 2017, Niliaitta prototype 2019

    Completion:Niliaitta prototype 2020

    Collaborators, Niliaitta prototype: Structural design: BD-Con Oy

    HVAC design: LVI-insin??ritoimisto Jorma Niemonen Oy

    Electrical design: Karawatski Oy

    Contractor, wooden structures: Laadulla Oy

    Contractor, steel structures: Jake-Man Oy

    Interior surfaces / fittings: Petri Lepp?nen

    Photographs: Marc Goodwin, Archmospheres

    More: Studio Puisto Architects


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